Females Hormones- Part I

Female hormones…..

what are they and what do they do?

Ahh, hormones…. Many of us know what they are and sort of know what they do. Hormones are chemical messengers and they are like a well-orchestrated symphony. Based on the last musical note, the director cues the next musician to play his instrument and together the collective sound of musical notes makes a beautiful sounding concert. And, just like in a symphony one poorly- timed note can throw off the whole performance.

Our hormones are similar. When our hormones are balanced and communicating properly everything works and we don’t give our hormones a second thought. Moods are stable, periods are regular, fertility is easy, and menopause is a breeze. 

But hormonal imbalances can cause symptoms such as PMS, heavy bleeding, PCOS, endometriosis, infertility, irritability, chronic migraines, hot flashes, and post-menopausal weight gain. We know something isn’t right but we’re not sure which “note” (or signal) is the one that threw the whole system off.

Let’s start at the beginning.......

In the body’s case the “director of the symphony” is the pituitary gland (which is in the brain) and it gets his feedback from the hypothalamus which is constantly sensing changes in the environment. The pituitary gland is considered the “master gland” because it is responsible for sending the signals to stimulate the production and release of other hormones.


It is so important to remember that all the hormones are connected to another. They all “talk” to each other and if one hormone is having a bad day well that’s going to throw off other hormones. Just like “your ankle bone is connected to your knee bone and your knee bone is connected to your hip bone….” Well, you get the idea!


So, who are the major players?


Ok, so we know Estrogen and Progesterone are the main hormones that regulate a woman’ cycle. And, yes, Testosterone plays a role as well.


The pituitary gland releases FSH in order to stimulate Estrogen production by the ovaries during the few first few days of a woman’s cycle. Estrogen stimulates the follicles to grow. As the follicles grow one becomes dominant and produces a lot more estrogen. And just before the release of the egg at ovulation, this increase in estrogen is what triggers the release of LH by pituitary gland to start producing progesterone. Progesterone helps to maintain the uterine lining if conception takes place. If conception does not occur then progesterone and estrogen drop to very low levels which triggers menstruation.


And, there it is. This happens every month for about 30-40 years for every woman.


…well, but not always.

Stay tuned for Part 2 of Females Hormones..... coming soon..... "Causes of Hormonal Imbalance and its implications"​

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